A skin peel, also known as a chemical peel, involves the use of a liquid that removes the dead cells from the skin’s surface, thus promoting the growth of new cells. The appearance of the skin can be improved in cases of acne, deep wrinkles and uneven pigmentation. The three types of chemical peel used are superficial, medium and deep.

what a chemical peel achieves

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Superficial peels

These are used for the removal of skin cells from the epidermis which is the skin’s top layer. Some beauty therapists undertake this type of treatment, although medical staff would usually perform them. Superficial peels provide a temporary effect, and to maintain the change, regular treatments are necessary. The liquid is only left in contact with the skin for a few minutes, and after the treatment the skin can feel tight for a while.

Medium peels

These remove cells from the middle and top layers of the skin, and treatment is carried out by qualified healthcare professionals. They are also only left in contact with the skin for a few minutes, but some patients experience a stinging or burning sensation during treatment. Sometimes the skin goes red or brown after the peel and can take as long as six weeks to get back to normal. A medium peel will need to be repeated every six or twelve months for the effect to be maintained.

Deep Peels

Deep peels should only be carried out by experienced and skilled healthcare professionals as they affect the deeper layers of the skin. Clinics such as http://www.thelondoncosmeticclinic.co.uk/ use special procedures to control the depth of the peel very precisely.

Sedatives and a local anaesthetic may be required during treatment. The peel may be left for as long as 30 minutes, and may cause a freezing sensation. Following the procedure there is likely to be some redness, peeling and discomfort. Redness may last for three months, and swelling for up to two weeks. This treatment does not normally need to be repeated as the effects are long lasting.

Risks of skin peels

These are usually safe treatments when performed by qualified and experienced professionals, although there are some risks. These include infection, recurrence of cold sores and changes in the pigment of the skin. Skin peels also cause the skin to be more sensitive to sunlight, so it is necessary to use sun cream for a while after treatment.